Casket of Rights Case Icon to go to Smithsonian

Don Babwin | 9/9/2009, 4:47 p.m.

A casket that helped trigger the civil rights movement and decades later was discarded like trash is now heading to the Smithsonian Institution.
On the very spot where, in 1955, the brutalized remains of 14-year-old Emmett Till were put on display in Chicago, Ill., his family recently announced plans to give the casket to the Washington, D.C. museum complex.

€Part of the responsibility of a national museum is to help people to remember, and through this donation we will ensure that future generations will remember how the death of a child, a mother's courage, helped to transform America,'' said Lonnie Bunch, the director of the Smithsonian's planned National Museum of African American History and Culture.

The news conference at the church on Chicago's South Side follows last month's discovery of the tattered, dented and rusty casket in a garbage-strewn storage shed at a suburban cemetery where former workers are charged with digging up corpses and reselling burial plots.

The former workers are not accused of disturbing Till's grave. However, while detectives were investigating the cemetery desecration, they found Till's casket had been pulled from the ground when his body was exhumed in 2005 as part of an investigation into his death. Till's body was then buried in another casket and the family was told the original casket would be kept for a memorial.

Fri., Aug. 28 marked 54 years since Till, who was Black, was beaten and killed in Mississippi for whistling at a White woman. His casket was put on display and photographed at the funeral. Photographs of his battered body in the coffin were shown around the world and became powerful images of the civil rights movement.

The Rev. Jesse Jackson has said that Till's killing and his mother's decision to show his remains helped convince Rosa Parks a few months later not to give up her seat in a public bus in Montgomery, Ala., -- a decision that became one of the most significant acts of defiance in American history.

Bunch said the casket, with its clear glass top that allowed people to see Till's body is an important historical artifact. Bunch said he heard about the casket's damage the same way everyone else did: When news broke that it was found at Burr Oak Cemetery, a historic Black cemetery in Alsip, just outside Chicago.

He said he initially called the Till family to offer any help. He soon realized that not only did the casket need to be preserved, but that the best place for it was the Smithsonian's African American museum that is scheduled to open in 2015.