Nation's Black Population Continues to Migrate to Major Southern Cities
Courtesy of Taylor Media Services | 5/18/2010, 11:05 a.m.
Atlanta and Dallas Lead the Way
According to a major study by the Washington, D.C.-based think tank - the Brookings Institute - "the Great Reverse Migration" - of African Americans leaving the North and the Midwest and returning to the South continued at a record pace during the 2000 to 2008 period - the latest period for which full figures are available.
For example, the Atlanta, Georgia area has now replaced the Chicago, Illinois area as the metropolitan region with the second largest Black population. The New York City metropolitan area still ranks number one in terms of Black population with almost as many African Americans as Atlanta and and Chicago combined. But outside of New York, during the 2000 to 2008 period, 75 percent of the growth in Black population took place in the South.
The leading metropolitan areas of Black population gain were Atlanta, Dallas, Houston, Washington, D.C., and Miami-Ft, Lauderdale. The current trend is reversing the "Great Migration" of the early and mid-20th century when millions of Blacks poured out of the South drawn by World War I and World War II generated jobs in Northern and Midwestern factories.
The Brookings Institute report is entitled "The State of Metropolitan America" and covers a host of topics other than the Black migration South.
The New York City metro area leads the way with roughly 3.1 million Blacks. It is followed by Atlanta (1.67 million); Chicago (1.66 million) and the Washington, DC area with 1.4 million.