John Lewis, Maya Angelou Win Medals of Freedom
Erica Werner | 11/21/2010, 11:46 a.m.
Civil rights hero Rep. John Lewis, poet Maya Angelou and Boston Celtics legend Bill Russell are among the 2010 winners of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor.
President Barack Obama will present the awards to the 15 honorees early next year, the White House announced Wednesday.
Other winners include President George H.W. Bush, plus investor Warren Buffett, St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Famer Stan "The Man" Musial, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and renowned cellist Yo-Yo Ma.
Obama's bipartisan gesture in picking the first President Bush for the honor is not unprecedented. Former President Bill Clinton, a Democrat, awarded a Medal of Freedom to former Republican President Gerald Ford.
"These outstanding honorees come from a broad range of backgrounds and they've excelled in a broad range of fields, but all of them have lived extraordinary lives that have inspired us, enriched our culture, and made our country and our world a better place," Obama said. "I look forward to awarding them this honor."
The medal is presented to people who have made notable contributions to U.S. interests, from cultural achievements to security matters.
The full list of winners:
-- George H.W. Bush was America's 41st president, and previously vice president and CIA director. He also worked with Clinton to raise money for victims Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004.
-- Lewis served as chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and helped organize the first lunch-counter sit-in. In 1965 he led the Selma-to-Montgomery, Ala., march for voting rights and was brutally beaten along with others in what became known as "Bloody Sunday."
-- Angelou is a prominent poet, educator, filmmaker, producer and civil rights activist.
-- Russell is the former captain of the Boston Celtics and first black man to become an NBA head coach.
-- Merkel is the first woman and first East German to serve as chancellor of a unified Germany.
-- Musial is a Hall of Fame first baseman/outfielder who played 22 seasons for the St. Louis Cardinals.
-- Yo-Yo Ma is a world renowned cellist who has won 16 Grammy awards and is known for his interpretations of Bach and Beethoven. He played at Obama's inauguration.
-- Buffett, chairman and chief executive of Berkshire Hathaway, is a famed investor known as the "Oracle of Omaha" for his prescient business sense. He is also a generous philanthropist.
-- Jasper Johns, an American artist whose work has dealt with themes of perception and identity. He is considered a major influence on pop, minimal and conceptual art.
-- Gerda Weissmann Klein, a Jewish Holocaust survivor who founded Citizenship Counts, an organization that teaches students to cherish the value of their American citizenship.
-- Dr. Tom Little, an optometrist murdered last August by the Taliban in Afghanistan as he and nine others returned from a mission to provide eye care in the Parun valley of Nuristan. The award is being given posthumously to Little.
-- Sylvia Mendez, a civil rights activist of Mexican and Puerto Rican descent.
-- Jean Kennedy Smith, a Kennedy family member who served as U.S. ambassador to Ireland and is the founder of VSA, a nonprofit organization affiliated with the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts that promotes the artistic talents of children and adults with disabilities.
-- John Sweeney, AFL-CIO president from 1995-2009.
-- John H. Adams, who in 1970 co-founded the Natural Resources Defense Council, a prominent environmental advocacy group.