"How Our Nation Can Protect Children, Not Guns"

Marian Wright Edelman | 4/5/2012, 2:33 p.m.

When the Children's Defense Fund released its new report in March, "Protect Children, Not Guns 2012," we dedicated it to the memory of Trayvon Martin and the thousands of other children and teenagers killed by guns in America, including the 5,740 killed in 2008 and 2009, according to the latest data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The fight to uncover the truth of what happened the night Trayvon Martin died hasn't ended, but basic facts that have never been in dispute are starkly clear. Of the two people involved, one was a teenager carrying an iced tea and a bag of candy.

The other was a much larger adult carrying a gun and patrolling a gated community despite having previously been under a restraining order for domestic violence and charged with resisting arrest with violence and battery on a police officer. Without George Zimmerman, a zealous neighborhood watcher with a gun, Trayvon Martin would be alive today.

The same is true for thousands of other children--whether they were victims of deliberate shootings, victims of accidental shootings, or victims of suicide. Guns lethalize anger and despair and twist everyday tensions into life-threatening and life-taking tragedies.

The Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act requires federally licensed gun dealers to conduct background checks on every gun sale, but a loophole in the law allows private dealers to sell guns without a license and avoid the required background checks.

This loophole accounts for a large share of all gun sales. It's estimated that over 40 percent of all guns in our country are sold by unlicensed private sellers to buyers who did not have to pass a background check. Congress must require criminal background checks on anyone who attempts to purchase a gun.

Congress should reinstitute the ban on assault weapons. The federal Assault Weapons Ban, signed into law in 1994, prohibited the manufacture and sale of 19 types of semi-automatic military style assault weapons and high-capacity ammunition magazines that contained more than 10 rounds of ammunition, but it expired in 2004.

Our nation should strengthen gun restrictions on people convicted of a violent misdemeanor or a violent act as a juvenile. Under current law, a conviction for a violent misdemeanor doesn't prohibit a person from purchasing or possessing a gun, and a related loophole exists for people adjudicated for violent offenses as juveniles.

Another common-sense solution for protecting children and adults would be requiring consumer safety standards and childproof safety features for all guns. Every gun in this country should be childproof. One-third of all households with children have at least one gun in the home and it's estimated that nearly two million children live in homes with an unlocked and loaded gun.

It makes no sense that the Consumer Product Safety Commission regulates toy guns and teddy bears but not a product that in 2008 and 2009 killed 56,529 adults and 5,740 children and teens--a total of 62,269 human beings. No external enemy has ever come close to killing this number of civilians of all ages in the U.S. Only 27 states have even attempted to keep children from accessing guns by passing child access prevention laws.