Haiti's Homeless Fight Back
Special to The Informer | 10/28/2012, 6:50 p.m.
Photo courtesy of PRI's The World
When the earthquake hit Haiti in January 2010, many in the impoverished country lost what little they had.
Nearly three years later, about 400,000 remain homeless. Many are still living in tent camps. And they're at risk of eviction.
But these days, there's some push-back.
On a recent Sunday morning outside of Port-au-Prince, impeccably dressed men, women and children file into the huge Grace Church. But across the lawn, a corrugated metal fence hides a different scene -- several hundred tents and makeshift shelters.
This is Grace Village camp. No one here attends the church next door.
They're angry about the horrible conditions here. They're especially angry at the landlord, the church pastor, who's been trying to get them off his property.
A church representative says they're just evicting trouble-makers and trying to help those with some means to relocate.
But many camp residents say the pastor and his associates are using sinister tactics.
Frantsy Alexandre emerges from a tent with a large manila envelope. He pulls out an x-ray of his torso and a signed letter on medical stationery.
He says, "The camp manager was going to destroy my neighbor's tent, so I said, 'You can't do that' and blocked his way... He came back with a security guard and beat me with a baton. I went to the police but they ignored me."
So Alexandre went to the courthouse, where they told him to document his injuries.
"I talked to an evicted camp resident who's been fighting this kind of abuse," he says, "and he said we need to report what happens to the attorney."
The attorney is Patrice Florvilus. After the earthquake, he formed an organization that represents residents of tent camps who've been threatened with eviction.
"Our strategy is to stop evictions by making landlords follow the law," Florvilus says, "which can mean a lengthy legal process. And that's what the landlord wants to avoid."
This doesn't always work, but a legal defeat can sometimes turn into a de facto victory. In one case, the mayor of Delmas ordered families off government land. A court upheld the eviction order. But then the mayor backed off - locals say because of organized opposition.
But there are also a lot of failures.
Jackson Doliscar is a community organizer who says getting people to believe in the power of grassroots activism has been a major challenge. In 1990, when Jean-Bertrand Aristide made his successful bid for president, he encouraged Haitians to organize for change. But the hoped-for improvements didn't materialize. Doliscar thinks that people in Haiti today are desperate enough to try again.
"When things are more difficult for people," he says, "like they're having problems with the landlord, they say, 'If I don't join the organization today, I'll be thrown out.' So they join the organization."
After the earthquake, Doliscar's grassroots group joined forces with 25 others to form a housing rights coalition. One of their projects is a slum called Jalousie. It's in a precarious spot on a hillside overlooking the city. This summer the government ordered residents to evacuate.