Some “Massive Resistance” ploys allowed Blacks to enroll in formerly whites-only schools only to segregate the students from the rest of the student body. In other instances, white students (and teachers) were provided with private school vouchers at the expense of taxpayers to attend whites-only private schools, effectively abandoning their previous schools and leaving the Black students in empty classrooms.
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Massive Resistance and Court’s Brown II Decision
As with the legal decisions to emancipate and offer full citizenship to formerly enslaved Blacks following the Civil War, proponents of the 1954 Brown v. the Board of Education decision found that the government could not legislate the hearts of men.