Black HistoryBlack Experience

Nation Observes March 10 as Harriet Tubman Day

Nine Facts about Her and the Risks She Took to Free Others from Slavery

– Her birth name was Araminta Harriet Ross. In 1844 she married a free Black man named John Tubman and changed her name to Harriet.

– She was born around 1822, in Dorchester County, Maryland – a town 100 miles from Baltimore.

– Tubman escaped from slavery via the Underground Railroad and traveled 90 miles to Philadelphia. “When I found I had crossed that line, I looked at my hands to see if I was the same person. There was such a glory over everything; the sun came like gold through the trees, and over the fields, and I felt like I was in Heaven,” she’s quoted as saying.

– She is known as the ‘Moses of Her People.’”

– She rescued her 70-year old parents from slavery.

– Over an 11-year period, Tubman freed over 80 slaves from Maryland into Canada.

– She is recognized as the first Black woman to serve in the U.S. military. In the Civil War, Tubman served as a soldier, spy and nurse. She was laid to rest with military honors.

– In June of 1863, she and Colonel James Montgomery led an attack on plantations along the Combahee River in South Carolina, rescuing more than 700 slaves.

– New York Sen. William Seward sold his Auburn, New York, house to Harriet Tubman in 1859, and it became her base of operations where she established the Tubman Home for the Aged in 1908.

Tubman, in Other Words

When one speaks of freedom fighters, Harriet Tubman’s name should always be among the first – if not highlighted as a primary justice crusader.

On Dec. 6, 1849, she herself escaped from slavery.

The brave African American who became known as the “Moses” of her people, didn’t stop with her own freedom but went back – repeatedly – to help others. Over the course of a decade, she led countless slaves along the Underground Railroad so that they too could taste freedom.

Tubman became a leader in the abolitionist movement and during the Civil War she worked on behalf of federal forces.

Her historic accomplishments continue to be both praised and remembered nearly two centuries later.

“Every great dream begins with a dreamer,” Twitter user Nichole Baxter wrote, quoting Tubman.

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